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Discover the History of English

January 8, 2020 - Latest News
Discover the History of English



Did you know that the English word “human” has a Latin origin? And did you know that the word “people” actually comes from French? Today, hundreds of millions of people speak English either as their first or second language. But hundreds of years ago, the English language that we know today did not exist. It has been evolving through the centuries and continues to do so now. In this lesson, I will teach you the history of invasions, migrations, and other influences that have helped to shape English as we know it. You will also discover English words that have origins in Latin, French, and other languages. Don’t miss this fascinating lesson!

TRANSCRIPT

Hello. I’m Gill from engVid, and today… As you know, I usually teach an aspect of the English language, but today, we’re going to be looking at the English language from a different perspective, a different angle, and looking at the history of the language and how it has developed, because the English language hasn’t always been the way it is today. It’s developed over hundreds and hundreds of years.

Now, today, hundreds of millions of people speak English all over the world, whether it’s their first language or their second language, or just one of the foreign languages that they speak and learn at school, and so on. So, hundreds of millions of people speak English and learn English. But hundreds of years ago, the English language that we know today didn’t really exist. It sort of got put together gradually by different historical events. So we’re going to go back in history now, and have a look at a timeline.

I don’t know if you’ve seen a timeline before, but it is literally the time, the years going from left to right, like you get on a graph if you’ve done graphs, and the time goes across along the line. So the different developments that happened can be shown on that line. So we’re starting here in 55 BC, hundreds of years ago, and we’re coming up to… Well, beyond. We have 1066, here, but because I ran out of space on the board, the time went on for such a long time, I couldn’t get all the centuries in, but I will still tell you about them. Okay. But these are the very interesting parts, which are on the board.

So, 55 BC, the Roman invasion of Britain, of the U.K., where we are at the moment. So, you’ve heard of the Roman Empire with Julius Caesar and all the other Caesars, the Roman Empire that spread in different directions, and Britain is one of the directions they spread in. They came here, and stayed for a while, and built some nice buildings, and they built a wall that goes across between Scotland and England, called Hadrian’s Wall, because the Emperor at the time was called Hadrian. So, anyway, when they came and stayed for some time, they brought their language with them, the Latin language. Okay? And the Latin language, it’s called a dead language today, but it has influenced so many other languages, especially in Southern Europe, so languages like Italian, French, Spanish, Portuguese, they all come from Latin. So, in this country, in the English language, we have had the Latin influence at different times. So, the Romans brought their Latin language with them. Okay? So that influenced the way people were speaking to each other as time went on. And the natives of this country started learning Latin words, and it became integrated into the language.

Okay, so let’s have a look at some of the words that we use today that were influenced or that came from Latin words. Right? And we have this pie chart, here, which you may know if you’ve been studying things for IELTS and the writing task. A pie chart… So, the whole circle represents 100%. So if you’re thinking of all the words in the English language at the moment, Latin, the Latin words that came from… Partly from the Roman invasion, we have 29% of the words in the English language have come from a Latin origin, from a source, Latin source. Okay. So here are just a few of very words that we use every day, really. Words like: “human”, “animal”, “dental” to do with the teeth, “decimal” which is to do with the fingers because we have 10 fingers, “decimal”, and “digital”, also fingers, “factory” where things are made, manufacture, “library” where you read books, “libre” meaning book, “library”, the building where the books are kept, “manual” to do with if you do things with your hand it comes from the Latin word for “hand”, “manual”. “Lunar” to do with the moon, because the Latin word for the moon was “luna”, “luna”. And “solar” to do with the sun, again, because the Latin word was like that, “solar”. “Military”, anything to do with soldiers because the Latin Roman Empire soldiers were… That was the word that was used for “soldiers”. “Melees” I think. And we also get our “mile”, the distance, the mile from that, because that was the distance that they would march, I think, before they had a rest or something like that.

34 thoughts on “Discover the History of English

sia tanwar

This women is not only beautiful.. Also have great creativity to attract all the county's people… Love from India 🇮🇳

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salahfgyf younsd

Great madam,thank you for your helping?

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Martin Schrader

a very interesting lesson, excellent diction and clear presentation! I am very glad! thanks a lot!

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Leonardo Santiago

Please, I would like to improve my English…Somebody can help me? I am brasiliam and I am 53 years old…

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Chandan kumar

Great mam (grandmother)🇮🇳🇮🇳🇮🇳

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Jason Leung

罗马人居然在英国修长城。英语的命运与日语真相似,同样作为岛国的日语有很多词汇来自中文和英语。

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didaramin amin

Such a nice teaching method

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Alican Kutlu

I do not know in which scale India has influenced English.

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Alex Alex

You are amazing thank you 🥰🥰

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DONALD MORROW

Oh i love this channel !!!!!

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Дмитрий Колыхалов

Доходчиво. Приятно послушать. Спасибо.

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Mulinful

Maybe a bit about why (if there is any reason) English is not a phonetic language. Learning to spell English is 'ore eee blaa

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Jb srinu

Mam, I am from india , thank you for giving wonderful information..But mam my native language is not english so I want to know more about it please mam give advice to me which book is best book to know it

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onbekend

English is a Germanic language, with a grammar and a core vocabulary inherited from Proto-Germanic. However, a significant portion of the English vocabulary comes from Romance and Latinate sources.

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Eric Tucker

Well, I got 6 correct out of 10 questions. I have the hope of doing better than this in the next quiz with Gill(engVid). I am very much grateful to you as a good teacher.

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Mosleh Tuhin

Wow! Youthful lady….

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Bruno Ricardo

That's amazing!!👏👏👏

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Rashid Al Isaii

I love you the most nice teacher

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Dino Fernando

Thanks so much for your well explanation teacher, understand all lesson that was really clear for my greetings from Lima Perú..!!

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Teju's cooking Rayalaseema Speacial's

Jacobean to restoration period class keep mam explation

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Sangmi Kim

when was the time english got the european indo like sanscrit ?

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jyrki56

Angles and Saxons both were Germanic tribes.

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Ahinoam Rodríguez

I have a little question: BC = meaning Before Christ? And what about AD?

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